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How to Ace Political Law with the Political Law Reviewer Ateneo PDF

Political Law Reviewer Ateneo PDF: A Comprehensive Guide for Law Students

Are you a law student who wants to ace your political law subjects? Are you looking for a reliable and updated source of information on the principles and doctrines of political law? Are you preparing for the bar exams and need a comprehensive and concise reviewer on political law? If you answered yes to any of these questions, then this article is for you.


In this article, we will introduce you to the political law reviewer ateneo pdf, a free and downloadable material that covers all the topics and subtopics of political law as prescribed by the Supreme Court in its syllabus for the bar exams. We will also explain what political law is, what the Ateneo Central Bar Operations (ACBO) is, what are the benefits of using the reviewer, and what are some tips and tricks for studying political law. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of political law and how to use the reviewer effectively.

What is political law?

Before we dive into the details of the reviewer, let us first define what political law is. Political law is one of the major branches of public law that deals with the organization and operation of the government, its relations with other states and its citizens, and its powers and limitations as defined by the Constitution and other laws.

Definition and scope of political law

According to Cruz (2014), political law is "the study of the maintenance of the proper balance between authority as represented by the three inherent powers of the state and liberty as guaranteed by the Bill of Rights." Political law encompasses various subfields such as constitutional law, administrative law, election law, public international law, local government law, public officers law, human rights law, and public corporations law.

Sources of political law

The primary source of political law is the Philippine Constitution, which is the supreme and fundamental law of the land. It establishes the basic structure, functions, principles, and policies of the government. It also sets forth the rights and duties of the people. The Constitution can only be amended or revised by a direct vote of the people or by a constitutional convention or assembly.

The secondary sources of political law are statutes, which are laws enacted by Congress or by local legislative bodies; executive orders, which are rules or regulations issued by the President or by other executive officials; administrative rules and regulations, which are guidelines or directives issued by administrative agencies; judicial decisions, which are rulings or opinions of the courts on cases or controversies; and customs and traditions, which are practices or conventions that have been accepted as part of the legal system.

Importance of political law

Political law is important for several reasons. First, it provides the framework and foundation for the governance of the country. It defines the powers and responsibilities of the different branches and levels of government, as well as the checks and balances among them. It also determines the qualifications, tenure, and accountability of public officials. Second, it protects the rights and interests of the people. It guarantees the civil and political liberties of the citizens, such as freedom of expression, due process of law, equal protection of the law, and suffrage. It also regulates the relations between the state and its constituents, such as taxation, eminent domain, police power, and social justice. Third, it promotes the welfare and development of the nation. It lays down the goals and objectives of the state, such as national sovereignty, territorial integrity, democracy, rule of law, human dignity, social justice, and peace. It also fosters cooperation and harmony among the various sectors and groups in society, such as political parties, civil society organizations, media, academe, and religious institutions.

What is the Ateneo Central Bar Operations (ACBO)?

Now that we have a basic understanding of what political law is, let us move on to the organization that created and published the reviewer. The Ateneo Central Bar Operations (ACBO) is a student-led initiative of the Ateneo Law School that aims to provide assistance and support to bar examinees and law students in their academic endeavors.

History and mission of ACBO

The ACBO was established in 1996 by a group of Ateneo law students who wanted to help their fellow Ateneans prepare for the bar exams. They organized lectures, mock exams, coaching sessions, and other activities to supplement the formal review classes offered by the law school. They also produced reviewers and materials on various subjects that were distributed for free to bar takers.

Since then, the ACBO has grown into a large-scale operation that involves hundreds of volunteers from different batches and sections of the law school. The ACBO has also expanded its services and activities to cater not only to Ateneo bar examinees but also to other law students from different schools across the country. The ACBO's mission is "to provide quality service to all bar examinees through a holistic approach that addresses their academic, physical, emotional, spiritual, and social needs."

Services and activities of ACBO

The ACBO offers various services and activities to bar examinees and law students throughout the year. Some of these are:

  • Lectures. The ACBO organizes lectures on all bar subjects by prominent professors, practitioners, judges, and justices. These lectures are held at the Ateneo Professional Schools Auditorium or online via Zoom or Facebook Live. The lectures are open to all bar examinees regardless of school affiliation.

  • Reviewers. The ACBO produces reviewers on all bar subjects that are updated annually based on the latest laws, jurisprudence, and syllabus. These reviewers are available in print or digital format. The print reviewers are distributed for free to Ateneo bar examinees at the start of the review season. The digital reviewers are uploaded online for free access by anyone interested.

  • Mock exams. The ACBO conducts mock exams on all bar subjects that simulate the actual bar exam format and difficulty level. These mock exams are held at the Ateneo Law School or online via Google Forms. The mock exams are open to all bar examinees regardless of school affiliation.

  • Coaching sessions. The ACBO offers coaching sessions on all bar subjects that provide personalized feedback and guidance to bar examinees on their mock exam performance. These coaching sessions are conducted by volunteer coaches who are former bar topnotchers or honor graduates from Ateneo or other schools. The coaching sessions are held at the Ateneo Law School or online via Zoom or Google Meet.

  • Hotel operations. The ACBO provides hotel accommodations for Ateneo bar examinees during the four Sundays of the bar exam month. The hotel operations include transportation services to and from the exam venue, food and beverage services during breakfast and lunch breaks, medical services in case of emergencies, security services for personal belongings, prayer services for spiritual support, and entertainment services for relaxation.

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